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State ex rel. Corral v. Vitantonio

Court of Appeals of Ohio, Eighth District, Cuyahoga

January 8, 2020


          Writ of Quo Warranto Motion Nos. 532007 and 530875 Order No. 530875

          Kimberly Kendall Corral, pro se.

          Argie, DAmico & Vitantonio, Dominic J. Vitantonio, for respondent.



         {¶ 1} On August 6, 2019, the relator, Kimberly Kendall Corral, filed a motion for leave to file an action in quo warranto with a proposed complaint for quo warranto. The gravamen of the matter is that Corral is seeking to remove the respondent, Dominic Vitantonio, from his position as Special Prosecutor in the underlying cases, Euclid v. Amiott, Euclid Municipal Court Nos. 19CRB00890 and 19CRB00921. Corral argues that Vitantonio was improperly appointed and that he has a conflict of interest that also prohibits him from holding the position. On September 4, 2019, the respondent filed a brief in opposition and included in the filing a request for $2, 750.00 in attorney fees because the relator has engaged in frivolous conduct. Relator filed her reply brief on September 17, 2019. For the following reasons, this court denies the motion for leave to file an action in quo warranto and denies the request for attorney fees.

         {¶ 2} As gleaned from the filings in this case, on August 12, 2017, city of Euclid Police Officer Michael Amiott arrested Richard Hubbard. A video recording of the arrest appears to show Amiott using excessive force against Hubbard.[1] Subsequently, in December 2018, seven citizens of Euclid filed affidavits in Euclid Municipal Court, pursuant to R.C. 2935.09 asserting claims of misdemeanor and felonious assault against Amiott regarding his arrest of Hubbard. The Euclid Municipal Court referred the accusations to the county prosecutor and the city prosecutor for investigation. On June 13, 2019, Euclid's Law Director appointed and retained Vitantonio to investigate the misdemeanor accusations made in the complaining affidavits. On August 6, 2019, Hubbard signed Crim.R. 4 complaints against Amiott for assault and interfering with civil rights. Also on that date, Vitantonio filed notice of appointment of special prosecutor and filed complaints against Amiott for two counts of assault and one count of interfering with civil rights. Euclid v. Amiott, Euclid M.C. No. 19CRB00890. A week later Vitantonio filed two counts of assault and one count of interfering with civil rights against Amiott in Euclid v. Amiott, Euclid M.C. No. 19CRB00921.

         {¶ 3} Corral, who is alleged to be Amiott's defense counsel, claims that Vitantonio wrongfully holds the office of Special Prosecutor for the city of Euclid and should be removed through quo warranto. First, she alleges that he was improperly appointed to the office. Euclid Municipal Ordinance 139.01 provides in pertinent part as follows: "In the office of the Director of Law, there shall be such assistants and special counsel as shall be authorized by Council. * * * One of the assistants shall be the Police Prosecutor and the other an Assistant Law Director, both of whom shall perform such duties as shall be delegated to them by either the Mayor or the Director of Law." Corral concludes that because the director of law, and not council, appointed Vitantonio, he holds the position unlawfully.

         {¶ 4} Corral further claims that conflicts of interest also disqualify Vitantonio as Special Prosecutor. Vitantonio is counsel for the Ohio Patrolmen's Benevolent Association. At some unspecified time in the past, Amiott was a member of the Ohio Patrolmen's Benevolent Association and "sought and was denied representation by the OPBA." Thus, "Vitantonio is not in a position to prosecute a person which his concurrent client refused to defend." (Pg. 2 of memorandum of law in support of motion for leave.)

         {¶ 5} Corral also claims that Amiott is now a member of the Fraternal Order of Police, Ohio Labor Council, which competes directly with the Ohio Patrolmen's Benevolent Association. Thus, "with the appointment of Vitantonio, a labor and defense lawyer to one police union is not able to prosecute bargaining members of the competing police union." (Pg. 1 of memorandum of law in support of motion for leave.)

         {¶ 6} Corral argues that Ohio Rules of Professional Conduct prohibit any conflict of interest that may arise out of private practice when a lawyer is working on behalf of the government. Prof.Cond.R.1.7(a)(2) provides in pertinent part that a "lawyer's acceptance * * * of representation of a client creates a conflict of interest if * * * there is a substantial risk that the lawyer's ability to consider, recommend, or carry out an appropriate course of action for that client will be materially limited by the lawyer's responsibilities to another client * * *." (Emphasis sic.) Corral also quotes Comment 4 to Prof.Cond.R.1.11: "a lawyer should not be in a position where benefit to the other client might affect performance of the lawyer's professional functions on behalf of the government." Corral concludes that Vitantonio's representation of the OPBA will create a substantial risk that he will consider the benefit to the OPBA when considering the prosecution of Amiott[2]

         {¶ 7} Ohio Revised Code Chapter 2733 governs quo warranto. R.C. 2733.01 provides in pertinent part as follows: "A civil action in quo warranto may be brought in the name of the state: (A) Against a person who usurps, intrudes into, or unlawfully holds or exercises a public office * * * within this state, * * *(B) Against a public officer * * * who does or suffers an act which, by law, works a forfeiture of his office." R.C. 2733.05 provides that the attorney general or a prosecuting attorney may bring an action in quo warranto. The Supreme Court of Ohio has stated "that the action is primarily a state action "'to shield the sovereignty of the state from invasion and to prevent the abuse of corporate powers.'" State ex rel. Thomas v. Kane, 43 Ohio St.3d 164, 165, 539 N.E.2d 1122 (1989), quoting State ex rel Cain v. Kay, 38 Ohio St.2d 15, 17, 309 N.E.2d 860 (1974), and State v. Dayton Traction Co., 64 Ohio St. 272, 280, 60 N.E. 291 (1901). Thus, the ordinary means of commencing a quo warranto action is for the state, through the attorney general or a prosecuting attorney, to institute the action.

         {¶ 8} The exception is stated in R.C. 2733.07: "When the office of prosecuting attorney is vacant, or the prosecuting attorney is absent, interested in the action in quo warranto, or disabled, the court, of a judge thereof in vacation, may direct or permit any member of the bar to act in his place and bring and prosecute the action." Corral is seeking to leave pursuant to R.C. 2733.07 to commence the quo warranto action. The appointment of private counsel to represent the state in a quo warranto proceeding is totally within the discretion of the court, and the court need not appoint any certain recommended counsel. State ex rel Thomas v. Kane, 43 Ohio St.3d 164.

         {¶ 9} Moreover, quo warranto, like the other extraordinary writs, will not lie if there exists an adequate remedy at law. State ex rel Johnson v. Talikka, 71 Ohio St.3d 109, 1994-Ohio-260, 642 N.E.2d 353.

         {¶ 10} Corral has not convinced this court that it should, in the exercise of its discretion, allow her or another private attorney to seek Vitantonio's ouster. First, the court is not convinced that the prerequisite of the prosecuting attorney being absent, disabled, or interested in the quo warranto action has been fulfilled. By its plain wording, the statute envisions that the county prosecuting attorney, as the representative of the state, would bring the action protecting state sovereignty. The statute does not extend this ability to municipal law directors. Corral seizes upon the language of "local prosecutor" in State ex rel Kohl v. Dunipace,56 Ohio St.2d 120, 382 N.E.2d 1358 (1978), as the Supreme Court of Ohio's acknowledgement that R.C. 2733.05 extends to such local prosecutors. However, an examination ...

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