Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

State v. Bonner

Court of Appeals of Ohio, Eighth District, Cuyahoga

December 19, 2019

STATE OF OHIO, Plaintiff-Appellee,
v.
DEONDRE BONNER, Defendant-Appellant.

          Criminal Appeal from the Cuyahoga County Court of Common Pleas Case No. CR-17-623056-A

          Michael C. O'Malley, Cuyahoga County Prosecuting Attorney, and Daniel A Cleary, Assistant Prosecuting Attorney, for appellee.

          Ariel Burr, for appellant.

          JOURNAL ENTRY AND OPINION

          KATHLEEN ANN KEOUGH, J.

         {¶ 1} Defendant-appellant, Deondre Bonner, appeals his convictions for rape and aggravated robbery. For the following reasons, we affirm his convictions.

         {¶ 2} In November 2017, Bonner was named in a 13-count indictment charging him with six counts of rape, three counts of kidnapping, three counts of aggravated robbery, and one count of gross sexual imposition. The charges stemmed from Bonner's multiple acts of rape involving three different victims. In November 2018, Bonner pleaded guilty to Counts 1 and 2, rape (vaginal and oral; victim 1); Count 4, aggravated robbery; Count 5, rape (vaginal; victim 2); and Counts 8 and 9, rape (oral and digital; victim 3). At the time of the plea, the parties agreed that the offenses would not merge for sentencing. Bonner was sentenced to a total prison term of 55 years.

         {¶ 3} Bonner now appeals, contending in his sole assignment of error that the trial court committed plain error by failing to merge the rape offenses charged in Counts 1 and 2 pertaining to victim 1, and by failing to merge the rape offenses charged in Counts 8 and 9 pertaining to victim 3.

         {¶ 4} R.C. 2941.25(A) prohibits multiple punishments for two or more offenses resulting from the same conduct. It is possible, however, for an accused to expressly waive the protection afforded by R.C. 2941.25, such as by "'stipulating in the plea agreement that the offenses were committed with separate animus.'" State v. Rogers, 143 Ohio St.3d 385, 2015-Ohio-2459, 38 N.E.3d 860, ¶ 20, quoting State v. Underwood, 124 Ohio St.3d 365, 2010-Ohio-1, 922 N.E.2d 923, ¶ 29. This court has repeatedly held that where the transcript demonstrates that the state and defense counsel agreed that offenses were not allied, the issue of allied offenses is waived. See, e.g., State v. Albright, 8th Dist. Cuyahoga No. 107632, 2019-Ohio-1998, ¶ 34; State v. Black, 2016-Ohio-383, 58 N.E.3d 561 (8th Dist.); State v. Booker, 8th Dist. Cuyahoga No. 101886, 2015-Ohio-2515.

         {¶ 5} In this case, the state and defense agreed that the offenses would not merge. (Tr. 15, 31.) Accordingly, Bonner has waived this issue on appeal.

         { ¶6} Notwithstanding waiver, each rape offense for each victim represented different acts of rape. Offenses are not allied when they are dissimilar in import or significance, or when the offenses are committed separately. State v. Ruff, 143 Ohio St.3d 114, 2015-Ohio-995, 34 N.E.3d 892, ¶ 25. This court has consistently held that rape involving different types of sexual activity, such as vaginal intercourse, digital penetration, and oral intercourse, arise from distinct conduct and are not considered allied offenses, even when committed during the same sexual assault. See, e.g., State v. Nunez, 8th Dist. Cuyahoga No. 102946, 2016-Ohio-812, ¶ 20; State v. Ferrell, 8th Dist. Cuyahoga No. 100659, 2014-Ohio-4377, ¶ 33.

         {¶ 7} In this case, Bonner pleaded guilty to rape offenses involving three different victims. Regarding the argument raised on appeal, the rape charges in Counts 1 and 2 pertaining to victim 1 involved distinct acts of sexual conduct; thus, those counts are not allied and do not merge. Similarly, the rape charges in Counts 8 and 9 pertaining to victim 3 also involved distinct acts of sexual conduct; thus, those counts are not allied and do not merge.

         {¶ 8} The assignment of error is wholly without merit and is overruled.

         {¶ 9} ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.