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Howton v. Haviland

United States District Court, N.D. Ohio, Eastern Division

October 25, 2019

BROOKS D. HOWTON, Petitioner,



          Kathleen B. Burke United States Magistrate Judge

         Petitioner Brooks Howton (“Petitioner” or “Howton”) brings this habeas corpus action pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Doc. 1. Howton is detained at the Allen Oakwood Correctional Institution, having been found guilty by an Allen County, Ohio, Court of Common Pleas jury of one count each of aggravated burglary, kidnapping, felonious assault, and rape. State v. Howton, No. CR2015-0300 (Allen Cty. Common Pleas Ct., filed May 4, 2016). The trial court sentenced Howton to 6 years each for aggravated burglary and kidnapping, 8 years for felonious assault and an additional 10 years for being a repeat violent offender, and 11 years for rape and an additional 10 years for being a repeat violent offender, to be served consecutively, for a total prison term of 51 years. Doc. 8-1, p. 51.

         On December 21, 2018, Howton filed his Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus setting forth five grounds for relief. Doc. 1, pp. 5-13. This matter has been referred to the undersigned Magistrate Judge for a Report and Recommendation pursuant to Local Rule 72.2. As set forth more fully below, Howton's grounds for relief are not cognizable, procedurally defaulted, and/or fail on the merits. Thus, the undersigned recommends that his Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus (Doc. 1) be DISMISSED in part and DENIED in part.[1]

         I. Background

         In a habeas corpus proceeding instituted by a person in custody pursuant to the judgment of a state court, the state court's factual findings are presumed correct. 28 U.S.C. § 2254(e)(1). The petitioner has the burden of rebutting that presumption by clear and convincing evidence. 28 U.S.C. § 2254(e)(1); see also Railey v. Webb, 540 F.3d 393, 397 (6th Cir. 2008).

         The following summary of underlying facts is taken from the opinion of the Allen County Court of Appeals, Third Appellate District of Ohio:

{¶ 2} On August 7, 2015, AD woke up at 7:28 a.m. to the sound of Howton knocking on her bedroom window. Doc. 144 at 200. Though AD lived with her mother, Darcie Simpson (“Simpson”), AD was alone in her house on this morning because Simpson was away at work. Id. At this time, AD and Howton were dating and had a sexual relationship. Id. at 199. Howton occasionally stayed overnight at Simpson's house in AD's room, but he did not live there. Id. at 203. From outside the window, Howton asked AD to let him inside the house, and she promptly unlocked her door and let him in the house. Id.
{¶ 3} Once he was inside, AD began to walk towards her bedroom because she wanted to go back to sleep. Id. at 272. She did not invite Howton to come with her into the bedroom. Id. As she was walking, Howton began questioning her about why she did not answer her phone when he had called her earlier. Id. at 273. He then questioned her about whether she was communicating with other men and wanted to check her phone. Id. at 274. AD did not allow him to go through her phone, left the room, entered the kitchen, and began doing dishes. Id. at 278. Howton followed AD into the kitchen and “kept bumping into [her]” from behind before he “bear hugged [her].” Id. at 279. At this point, AD pushed him away from her, told him to “leave [her] alone, ” and walked back into the living room. Id. at 283-284, 287. Howton then followed AD into the living room and sat on AD's lap. Id. at 287. At this point, Howton grabbed AD by her wrists, pulled her up from where she was sitting, and began pushing her through the house towards the bedroom. Id. at 289.
{¶ 4} Once they reached the bedroom, Howton pushed AD onto the bed, began to undress her, and took off all of her clothing. Id. at 206. While he was holding her down on the bed, he grabbed a vibrator that was in the bedroom and forcibly thrust it into AD's vaginal cavity, pushing so hard that AD “jumped.” Id. at 208-209. After this, Howton asked AD to perform fellatio on him. Id. at 209-210. When AD refused, he accused her of engaging in such activity with other men. Id. at 210. AD then struck him with her fist in an attempt to get him off of her. Id. at 211. In response, Howton put his arm around AD's neck and began to choke her. Id. AD struggled against Howton until she passed out. Id. at 212. When she regained consciousness, Howton then picked AD up by her neck, lifted her up, and choked her again until she lost consciousness a second time. Id. at 213. When AD regained consciousness this time, she was on the floor beside the bed; her nose was bleeding; and she was out of breath. Id. She begged Howton to let her get her inhaler from her purse, but he did not allow her to do so and began slapping her. Id. at 213-214. AD's nose continued to bleed, and she reached for a tee shirt to wipe the blood from her face. Id.
{¶ 5} At this point, Howton said, “I'm going to leave 'cause I know you're going to call the police on me.” Id. at 302. As he was leaving, however, he noticed that some blood had gotten on his shoes. Id. at 302-303. Howton then ordered AD to start the washing machine to remove traces of the blood from the bedding and his shoes. Id. at 215-216, 306. After the washing machine had been started, Howton began apologizing to AD and asked her to come into the living room with him. Id. at 308. Once they were in the living room, AD sat down on the floor and said, “I don't want you touching me. * * * I want to be by myself. I don't want to do anything with you.” Id. at 310. Howton then spread out a comforter on the floor of the living room and told AD to lay down with him on the comforter. Id. at 218, 310. When AD refused, Howton began undressing AD, put his arm around her, and pulled her to the floor. Id. at 219. During his testimony, Howton estimated that the time period between their struggle in the bedroom and this interaction in the living room could have been up to an hour. Doc. 145 at 597. During this process, AD was crying, and Howton told her to stop sobbing. Doc. 144 at 218-219. Howton then performed oral sex on her and then engaged in phallic penetration of her vaginal cavity. Id. at 219-220, 313.
{¶ 6} About ten minutes later, Howton fell asleep. Id. at 315. AD then sat up, which awakened Howton. He said, “[N]o, lay back down; lay back down.” Id. at 315. AD said, in response, “I got to pee.” Id. AD then went into the restroom, locked the door, and climbed out of the bathroom window. Id. at 316. She then went to a neighbor's house and called for help. Id. at 328. When the police arrived, AD told them that Howton was in her house. Id. at 332. The police knocked on the front door of AD's house, which was locked, and requested entry, but no one answered. Doc. 143 at 151. In between 11:00 and 11:30 that morning, Simpson, who was at work, was contacted by her sister over the phone and told what had happened to AD. Id. at 186. Simpson drove home and gave the police a key to the house. Id. at 189. The police were then able to gain entry into the house, found Howton in AD's bedroom, and arrested him without incident. Id. at 155-156. Doc. 144 at 335.
{¶ 7} On September 17, 2015, Howton was charged with one count of aggravated burglary in violation of R.C. 2911.11(A)(1), 2911.11(B); one count of kidnapping in violation of R.C. 2905.01(A)(4), 2905.01(C)(1); one count of felonious assault in violation of R.C. 2903.11(A)(1), 2903.11(D)(1)(a); two counts of rape in violation of R.C. 2907.02(A)(2), 2907.02(B); and one count of tampering with evidence in violation of R.C. 2921.12(A)(1), 2921.12(B). Doc. 3. The sixth count, which charged Howton with tampering with evidence, was later dismissed on the motion of the prosecution. Doc. 143 at 1.
{¶ 8} The trial occurred in between April 26, 2016, and May 3, 2016. During trial, Howton chose to testify as part of the Defense's case-in-chief. Doc. 145 at 559. In his testimony, Howton claimed that the sexual encounters between him and AD were consensual. Id. at 576-577. He alleged that, during one of these encounters in the bedroom, AD indicated to him that she wanted him to stop. Id. at 583. He claimed that he, in response, stopped and, admitting that he was “lightweight intoxicated, ” began to taunt her mildly. Id. at 583-584. He then testified that AD hit him in the face but admitted that he choked her as retaliation before pushing her onto the bed and smacking her several times. Id. at 588.
{¶ 9} In reference to this altercation, the following exchange took place between Howton's defense counsel and Howton at trial.
Q. Okay. Did everything stop as far as any sort of her trying to come at you or anything? Did that all stop?
A. After her nose started bleeding she sat on the bed. The bed had a couple of blood drops on it, which is her bed, closer to the south most part of the house.
Q. Okay.
A. Okay. She sat on the bed. She cried a little bit. I talked to her to let her know that I was tired of her putting her hands on me and stuff. She stayed in there for a little bit. Like I said, I told her I was about to leave because I felt like she made me, she forced this on herself.
Q. Okay.
A. I felt like she made me get out of my character and, you know, put my hands on her after she put her hands on me first.
(Emphasis [in original].) Id. at 593-594. Howton testified on direct examination that he apologized to AD. He described this conversation at trial, saying,
A. But I was also explaining to her that over and over and over we had had this type of situation.
Q. Okay.
A. Which ultimately I'm the one always getting hit. I'm always getting-I'm the one always getting smacked. I'm the one always getting punched. I mean-so this-it wasn't-I don't think it was avoidable, but I started letting her know, like, you know, ‘I'm sorry for doing that, but I told you that you needed to stop.'
Q. Now, why do you think-why do you think it should have been avoidable? Do you mean on your part?
A. Yea, it should have been avoidable on my part because, like my family said, man, you know, I complained about this the whole time. I should have done left.
Q. Should you have had more self-control even though you were getting hit?
A. Yea, I should have had more self-control because I'm a man and, you know, I don't feel like it's right for a man to hit a woman. But-
Q. Is that why you were apologizing?
A. Yes, sir.
(Emphasis [in original].) Id. at 596-597. Howton then alleged that they had consensual “make-up sex” in the living room after his apology. Id. at 598. Howton's defense counsel then began questioning Howton about the subsequent police investigation.
Q. Okay. Well, when you were talking to Detective Neidemire, again, you were asking about this rape/burglary thing?
A. Yes, sir.
Q. Did you keep telling him that you didn't rape anybody?
A. I always told him that I didn't. I ain't never been known to be no person like that.
(Emphasis [in original].) Id. at 610.
{ΒΆ 10} After these exchanges between Howton and his defense counsel on direct examination on April 28, 2016, the State ...

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