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Adinan v. Sessions

United States District Court, N.D. Ohio, Eastern Division

July 10, 2018

JEFF SESSIONS, Respondent.



          Thomas M. Parker, United States Magistrate Judge

         I. Introduction

         Currently before the court is the motion to dismiss filed on May 8, 2018 by respondent, Jeff Sessions. ECF Doc. 6. This matter is before the undersigned pursuant to an order of reference entered by Judge Christopher A. Boyko on March 8, 2018. Because this court no longer has subject matter jurisdiction to consider Adinan's petition, I recommend that the petition be dismissed.

         II. Statement of Facts

         On February 20, 2018, Adinan filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus and argued that respondent refused to release him even though respondent had been unable to effect Adinan's removal and would be unable to do so in the reasonably foreseeable future. ECF Doc. 1, Page ID# 1-2. Adinan requested that the court issue a writ of habeas corpus directing the respondent to immediately release him from custody. Id. at 4.

         Adinan entered immigration custody on August 27, 2016. Id. at 1. An immigration judge ordered that Adinan be removed on February 9, 2017. Id. Adinan waived appeal and accepted a final removal order on that date. ECF Doc. 6-2, Page ID# 21. One year later, Adinan filed the instant petition on February 20, 2018. On March 12, 2018, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (“ICE”) successfully removed Adinan from the United States to Ghana. ECF Doc. 6-1, Page ID# 15.

         III. Motion to Dismiss Standard

         A motion to dismiss for lack of subject-matter jurisdiction pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(1) may take the form of either a facial or a factual attack. United States v. Ritchie, 15 F.3d 592, 598 (6th Cir. 1994). Facial attacks challenge the sufficiency of the pleading itself. Id. Factual attacks, on the other hand, challenge the factual existence of subject-matter jurisdiction, regardless of what is or might be alleged in the pleadings. Id.

         When adjudicating a motion to dismiss based upon a facial attack, the court must accept all material allegations of the complaint as true and must construe the facts in favor of the non-moving party. Ritchie, 15 F.3d at 598 (citing Scheuer v. Rhodes, 416 U.S. 232, 235-37, 94 S.Ct. 1683, 40 L.Ed.2d 90 (1974)). See also Robinson v. Gov't of Malay., 269 F.3d 133, 140 (2d Cir. 2001) (holding that all reasonable inferences must be drawn in favor of the plaintiff when evaluating a facial attack on subject-matter jurisdiction).

         In contrast, a factual attack contests the validity of the facts alleged as support for subject-matter jurisdiction. Ritchie, 15 F.3d at 598. With a factual challenge, no presumption of truthfulness arises for either party, and the court must weigh the evidence to determine its power to hear the case. Id. (citing Ohio Nat'l Life Ins. Co. v. United States, 922 F.2d 320, 325 (6th Cir.1990)). In this analysis, the court may consider both the pleadings and evidence not contained in the pleadings. Makarova v. United States, 201 F.3d 110 (2d Cir. 2000).

         IV. Law & Analysis

         A district court lacks jurisdiction over a petitioner's habeas claim under 28 U.S.C. § 2241 if the petitioner is not in custody. See Prieto v. Gluch, 913 F.2d 1159, 1162 (6th Cir. 1990). A petition for writ of habeas corpus challenges a government custodian's authority to continue detaining an individual. Therefore, the individual's release from custody generally moots a habeas petition. Lane v. Williams, 455 U.S. 624, 632 (1982).

         The Sixth Circuit has held that a petition for writ of habeas corpus challenging the length of an alien's detention pending removal is rendered moot by the alien's removal from the United States. Enazeh v. Davis, 107 Fed.Appx. 489, 491 (6th Cir. 2004); Haddad v. Ashcroft,76 Fed.Appx. 672, 673 (6th Cir. 2003) (removal moots claims relating to conditions of detention.) See also, Lin Su Fang v. Holder, No. 1:11-cv-313, 2011 WL 2784496 at *3, 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 76112 (N.D. Ohio July 14, 2011) (removal moots habeas petition when petitioner only sought relief from her allegedly unlawful detention.) Other courts have also held that an alien's release from custody renders moot the alien's habeas petition if it challenged the length or conditions of detention. See, e.g., G.S. v. Holder,373 Fed.Appx. 836, 844 (10th Cir. 2010) (removal moots issues pertaining to the legality of the detention); Politis v. Chertoff,326 Fed.Appx. 272, 273 (5th Cir. 2009) (deportation moots wrongful detention Bivens claim); Kurtishi v. Cicchi, 270 Fed.Appx. 197, 199-200 (3d Cir. 2008) (challenge to legality of immigration detention mooted by deportation); Abdala v. INS,488 F.3d 1061, 1065 (9th Cir. 2007) (deportation mooted petition complaining about ...

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