United States District Court, S.D. Ohio, Eastern Division
JAMES L. GRAHAM
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
MCCANN KING UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE.
Courtney Nicole Bruce is charged in a Superseding
Indictment with one count of conspiracy to commit bank
fraud in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1349 (Count 1) and two
counts of actual bank fraud in violation of 18 U.S.C. §
1344 (Counts 9 and 10). Defendant and the United States
entered into a plea agreement, executed pursuant to the
provisions of Rule 11(c)(1)(A) of the Federal Rules of
Criminal Procedure, whereby defendant agreed to enter pleas
of guilty to Counts 1 and 9. On May 9, 2018, defendant,
accompanied by her counsel, appeared for a change of plea
proceeding. Defendant consented, pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
§636(b)(3), to enter a guilty plea before a Magistrate
Judge. See United States v. Cukaj, 2001 WL 1587410
at *1 (6th Cir. 2001)(Magistrate Judge may accept
a guilty plea with the express consent of the defendant and
where no objection to the report and recommendation is
the plea proceeding, the undersigned observed the appearance
and responsiveness of defendant in answering questions. Based
on that observation, the undersigned is satisfied that, at
the time she entered her guilty pleas, defendant was in full
possession of her faculties, was not suffering from any
apparent physical or mental illness, and was not under the
influence of narcotics or alcohol.
to accepting defendant's plea, the undersigned addressed
defendant personally and in open court and determined her
competence to plead. Based on the observations of the
undersigned, defendant understands the nature and meaning of
the charges in the Superseding Indictment and the
consequences of her pleas of guilty to Counts 1 and 9.
Defendant was also addressed personally and in open court and
advised of each of the rights referred to in Rule 11 of the
Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure.
engaged in the colloquy required by Rule 11, the Court
concludes that defendant's pleas are voluntary. Defendant
acknowledged that the plea agreement signed by her, her
attorney and the attorney for the United States and filed on
April 17, 2018, represents the only promises made to her by
anyone regarding the charges against her in the
Superseding Indictment. Defendant was advised that
the District Judge may accept or reject the plea agreement
and that, even if the Court refuses to accept any provision
of the plea agreement not binding on the Court, defendant may
nevertheless not withdraw her guilty pleas.
confirmed the accuracy of the statement of facts supporting
the charges. Government's Exhibit 1. She confirmed
that she is pleading guilty to Counts 1 and 9 of the
Superseding Indictment because she is in fact guilty
of those offenses. The Court concludes that there is
a factual basis for the pleas.
Court concludes that defendant's pleas of guilty to
Counts 1 and 9 of the Superseding Indictment are
knowingly and voluntarily made with understanding of the
nature and meaning of the charges and of the consequences of
therefore RECOMMENDED that defendant's
guilty pleas to Counts 1 and 9 of the Superseding
Indictment be accepted. Decision on acceptance or
rejection of the plea agreement was deferred for
consideration by the District Judge after the preparation of
a presentence investigation report.
accordance with S.D. Ohio Crim. R. 32.1, and as expressly
agreed to by defendant through counsel, a written presentence
investigation report will be prepared by the United States
Probation Office. Defendant will be asked to provide
information; defendant's attorney may be present if
defendant so wishes. Objections to the presentence report
must be made in accordance with the rules of this Court.
party seeks review by the District Judge of this Report
and Recommendation, that party may, within fourteen (14)
days, file and serve on all parties objections to the
Report and Recommendation, specifically designating
this Report and Recommendation, and the part thereof
in question, as well as the basis for objection thereto. 28
U.S.C. §636(b)(1); F.R. Civ. P. 72(b). Response to
objections must be filed within fourteen (14) days after
being served with a copy thereof. F.R. Civ. P. 72(b).
parties are specifically advised that failure to object to
the Report and Recommendation will result in a
waiver of the right to de novo review by the
District Judge and of the right to appeal the decision of the
District Court adopting the Report and Recommendation.
See Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140 (1985); Smith v.
Detroit Federation of Teachers, Local 231 etc., 829 F.2d
1370 (6th Cir. 1987); United States v. Walters, 638
F.2d 947 (6th Cir. 1981).