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State v. Hayden

Court of Appeals of Ohio, Second District, Montgomery

December 29, 2017

STATE OF OHIO Plaintiff-Appellee
v.
ROBERT O. HAYDEN Defendant-Appellant

         Criminal Appeal from Common Pleas Trial Court Case No. 90-CR-308

          MATHIAS H. HECK, JR., by HEATHER N. JANS, Attorney for Plaintiff-Appellee.

          ROBERT O. HAYDEN, Defendant-Appellant, Pro Se.

          OPINION

          HALL, P.J.

         {¶ 1} Robert O. Hayden appeals pro se from the trial court's denial of his motion for a new trial.

         {¶ 2} Hayden advances two assignments of error. First, he contends the trial court erred in denying his motion because prosecutorial misconduct deprived him of a fair trial. Second, he claims the trial court erred in denying his motion because he is innocent of a rape charge on which he was convicted.

         {¶ 3} The record reflects that in 1990 Hayden was convicted of raping his girlfriend. He received a sentence of 10 to 25 years in prison. Since then, we have resolved at least nine appeals related to Hayden's conviction. See State v. Hayden, 2d Dist. Montgomery No. 12220, 1991 WL 215065 (Sept. 27, 1991) (Hayden I); State v. Hayden, 2d Dist. Montgomery No. 16497, 1997 WL 752614 (Dec. 5, 1997) (Hayden II); State v. Hayden, 2d Dist. Montgomery No. 17649, 1999 WL 960968 (July 16, 1999) (Hayden III); State v. Hayden, 2d Dist. Montgomery No. 20657, 2005-Ohio-4024 (Hayden IV); State v. Hayden, 2d Dist. Montgomery No. 20747, 2005-Ohio-4025 (Hayden V); State v. Hayden, 2d Dist. Montgomery No. 21764, 2007-Ohio-5572 (Hayden VI); State v. Hayden, 2d Dist. Montgomery No. 23620, 2010-Ohio-3908 (Hayden VII); State v. Hayden, 2d Dist. Montgomery No. 24992, 2012-Ohio-6183 (Hayden VIII); State v. Hayden, 2d Dist. Montgomery No. 26524, 2015-Ohio-3262 (Hayden IX). In addition to an unsuccessful direct appeal, these prior actions involved numerous motions for post-conviction relief, DNA testing, and a new trial.[1]

         {¶ 4} In his most recent appeal, Hayden challenges the trial court's denial of a new-trial motion he filed on January 26, 1017. Therein, he asserted that the trial testimony of prosecution witness Laura Kiddon, a criminalist of the Miami Valley Regional Crime Lab, exonerated him. (Doc. #15 at 3). Specifically, he claimed Kiddon had testified that his "blood group" was not found in semen taken from the victim's vaginal swab or vaginal aspirate. (Id.). The trial court overruled the motion in a February 7, 2017 decision and entry.[2] (Doc. #16). On May 18, 2017, Hayden appealed from the trial court's ruling. (Doc. #20). On June 23, 2017, we deemed satisfied a show-cause order questioning the timeliness of Hayden's appeal and allowed the appeal to proceed.

         {¶ 5} In his first assignment of error, Hayden reiterates his claim that he is entitled to a new trial based on Kiddon's trial testimony and a lab report about which she testified. According to Hayden, Kiddon testified that based on "PGM" blood typing, which involves enzyme testing, she only found the victim's type on a vaginal swab. Hayden asserts that this testimony entitles him to a new trial. He also argues that the prosecutor engaged in misconduct by arguing that the semen at issue was his. In his second assignment of error, Hayden insists, based on the argument raised in his first assignment of error, that he is innocent of the rape charge.

         {¶ 6} Upon review, we conclude that Hayden's assignments of error fail for at least four reasons. First, his new-trial motion was extraordinarily untimely under both R.C. 2945.80 and Crim.R. 33(B). Hayden was convicted in 1990, his new-trial motion does not involve any newly-discovered evidence, and the trial court made no finding about him being unavoidably prevented from timely filing. Second, Hayden did not request leave to file his untimely new-trial motion. Third, res judicata bars consideration of the arguments raised in Hayden's new-trial motion (and in the affidavit he filed after the trial court's ruling). It is well settled that res judicata precludes a defendant from raising in a new-trial motion any issues that were raised or could have been raised in his direct appeal. State v. Videen, 2d Dist. Montgomery No. 27479, 2017-Ohio-8608, ¶ 20; State v. McCoy, 2d Dist. Greene No. 04CA112, 2005-Ohio-6837, ¶ 13. Here Hayden's arguments relied on statements by the prosecutor at trial, testimony by Kiddon at trial, and a lab report used at trial. Therefore, all of the arguments could have been raised earlier. Fourth, it appears that Hayden's argument about blood typing actually has been raised. In Hayden VIII, we noted that "[s]amples from the vaginal swab and vaginal aspirate collected from the victim were examined by the Miami Valley Regional Crime Lab; the results of the sperm fraction of the vaginal aspirate were said to be inconclusive because the victim and Hayden had similar blood types." Hayden VIII at ¶ 3. In Hayden IX, Hayden argued, as he does now, that he was entitled to a new trial because "the blood type could only be attribute[able] to the victim." The trial court rejected this argument, and we affirmed, reasoning:

* * * Hayden stated that "the blood type could only be attribut[able] to the alleged victim." In the direct appeal of Hayden's first petition for post- conviction relief in 1999, and several times thereafter, we have noted "a similarity of blood types" between Hayden and the victim, which appears to have contributed to the difficulty in reaching a definitive DNA test result under the methods available in and before 1998. Hayden III at *1; see also Hayden IV at ¶ 5; Hayden V at ¶ 3; Hayden VII at ¶ 2. At no point in this case has an expert testified, has the trial court held, or have we stated that the "blood type could only be attribute[able] to the victim."

Hayden IX at ¶ 34.[3]

         {¶ 7} Based on the foregoing analysis, we overrule Hayden's assignments of error and affirm the judgment of ...


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