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Tate v. General Motors LLC
United States District Court, N.D. Ohio, Eastern Division
December 20, 2017
RITA TATE, Plaintiff,
GENERAL MOTORS LLC, Defendant.
MEMORANDUM OF OPINION AND ORDER [RESOLVING ECF NO.
Y. PEARSON, UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.
Rita Tate, a former employee of Defendant General Motors LLC
(“GM”), brought this action against GM alleging
claims of: (1) race discrimination pursuant to Title VII of
the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e, et
seq.(“Title VII”), 42 U.S.C. § 1981
(“Section 1981”), and Ohio Rev. Code §§
4112.02 and 4112.99; and, (2) gender discrimination pursuant
to Title VII and Ohio Rev. Code §§ 4112.02 and
4112.99. These claims are now before the Court upon GM's
Motion for Summary Judgment (ECF No. 28). The Court has been
advised, having reviewed the record, the parties' briefs,
and the applicable law. The Court has also considered the
oral arguments of counsel offered during the Final Pretrial
Conference on December 18, 2017. For the reasons set forth
below, the motion is denied.
stipulated facts are as follows:
1. Tate was hired on October 1, 2012 as a Group Leader on
third shift in the Chassis Department at GM's assembly
plant in Lordstown, Ohio (the “Lordstown Plant”).
2. Tate's starting salary was $60, 000.00.
3. As a Group Leader, Tate was responsible for managing teams
of 36 hourly employees on an assembly line manufacturing
automobiles, and sometimes supervised up to 72 employees.
4. Tate had no experience working in manufacturing and had
only limited experience working as a supervisor before she
came to GM.
5. Tate had worked as a corrections officer at the Ohio State
Penitentiary since 2006 and her only previous supervisory
experience - at JCPenney and in social services at Gateways
to Better Living - involved supervising fewer than ten
employees and had occurred 20 years earlier.
6. Tate's experience was accurately stated in her resume,
which was reviewed by GM before she was hired.
7. Tate participated in a one-week orientation period in
which general instruction on plant operations and processes
8. On part of a day during orientation week, Tate shadowed
another Group Leader and asked him many questions, which he
answered to the best of his ability. Plaintiff learned from
the experience and found it helpful.
9. Following orientation, Tate was assigned to the Chassis
10. Tate sought assistance where she could. For example, Team
Leader Raymond Smith, a union employee, taught Tate the scrap
process on the job.
11. Tate asked questions of Superintendent Ferdinand Martinez
and Business Managers Bryon Woost and Janel Tyrus, although
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