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State v. Wynn

Court of Appeals of Ohio, Eighth District, Cuyahoga

December 15, 2017

STATE OF OHIO PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE
v.
ANTOINNE WYNN DEFENDANT-APPELLANT

         Cuyahoga County Court of Common Pleas Case No. CR-15-595910-A Application for Reopening Motion No. 510057

          FOR APPELLANT Antoinne Wynn, pro se.

          ATTORNEYS FOR APPELLEE Michael C. O'Malley Cuyahoga County Prosecutor By: Gregory Ochocki Assistant County Prosecutor

          JOURNAL ENTRY AND OPINION

          EILEEN A. GALLAGHER, P.J.

         {¶1} Antoinne Wynn has filed an application for reopening pursuant to App.R. 26(B). Wynn is attempting to reopen the appellate judgment rendered in State v. Wynn, 8th Dist. Cuyahoga No. 103824, 2017-Ohio-4062, which affirmed his conviction for felonious assault.[1] For the following reasons, we deny the application for reopening.

         A. Untimely

         {¶2} App.R. 26(B)(1) plainly states that: "An application for reopening shall be filed in the court of appeals where the appeal was decided within ninety days from journalization of the appellate judgment unless the applicant shows good cause for filing at a later time." Likewise, App.R. 26(B)(2)(b) requires that Wynn establish "a showing of good cause for untimely filing if the application is filed more than 90 days after journalization of the appellate judgment." The Ohio Supreme Court requires intermediate appellate courts to strictly enforce App.R. 26(B)'s 90-day deadline, explaining as follows:

Consistent enforcement of the rule's deadline by the appellate courts in Ohio protects on the one hand the state's legitimate interest in the finality of its judgments and ensures on the other hand that any claims of ineffective assistance of appellate counsel are promptly examined and resolved. Ohio and other states "may erect reasonable procedural requirements for triggering the right to an adjudication, " Logan v. Zimmerman Brush Co., 455 U.S. 422, 437, 102 S.Ct. 1148, 71 L.Ed.2d 265 (1982), and that is what Ohio has done by creating a 90-day deadline for the filing of applications to reopen. * * * The 90-day requirement in the rule is "applicable to all appellants, " State v. Winstead, 74 Ohio St.3d 277, 278, 658 N.E.2d 722 (1996), and [the applicant] offers no sound reason why he - unlike so many other Ohio criminal defendants - could not comply with that fundamental aspect of the rule.

State v. Gumm, 103 Ohio St.3d 162, 2004-Ohio-4755, 814 N.E.2d 861, ¶ 7 - 8, ¶ 10. See also State v. LaMar, 102 Ohio St.3d 467, 2004-Ohio-3976, 812 N.E.2d 970; State v. Cooey, 73 Ohio St.3d 411, 653 N.E.2d 252 (1995); and State v. Reddick, 72 Ohio St.3d 88, 647 N.E.2d 784 (1995).

         {¶3} On September 5, 2017, Wynn filed two separate documents: (1) an application to reopen that failed to contain a sworn affidavit required under App.R. 26(B)(2)(d), and (2) motion for showing good cause for untimely filing of affidavit of sworn statement. Wynn is attempting to reopen the appellate judgment that was journalized on June 1, 2017. His application - filed six days beyond the 90-day deadline - is untimely on its face.

         {¶4} In an effort to establish good cause, Wynn argues "significant hardships, " such as being held in protective control and "extreme poverty, " which have effectively deprived him of ready access to a law library or other legal materials and services. The courts, however, have repeatedly rejected the claim that limited access to legal materials states good cause for untimely filing. Prison riots, lockdowns and other library limitations have been rejected as constituting good cause. State v. Young, 8th Dist. Cuyahoga No. 99752, 2014-Ohio-1055, reopening disallowed, 2016-Ohio-3165, citing State v. Tucker, 73 Ohio St.3d 152, 652 N.E.2d 720 (1995); State v. Crain, 8th Dist. Cuyahoga Nos. 95012, 95013, 95014 and 95015, 2011-Ohio-1924, reopening disallowed, 2012-Ohio-1340. Untimeliness alone is sufficient to dismiss the application. Young at ¶ 2.

         {¶5} Wynn has failed to demonstrate good cause for his untimely application and, therefore, we are constrained to deny it.

         B. Res Judicata

         {¶6} Aside from being untimely, Wynn's request for reopening is also barred by res judicata. "Res judicata may be applied to bar further litigation of issues that were raised previously or could have been raised previously in an appeal." State v. Houston,73 Ohio St.3d 346, 347, 652 N.E.2d 1018 (1995). The Supreme Court of Ohio has further established that a claim for ineffective assistance of counsel may be barred by the doctrine of res judicata unless ...


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