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State v. Turner

Court of Appeals of Ohio, Second District, Montgomery

June 2, 2017

STATE OF OHIO Plaintiff-Appellee
v.
RALPH TURNER Defendant-Appellant

         Criminal Appeal from Common Pleas Court T.C. NO. 16-CR-56/2

          ANDREW T. FRENCH, Atty. Attorney for Plaintiff-Appellee

          CARL BRYAN, Atty.Attorney for Defendant-Appellant

          OPINION

          FROELICH, J.

         {¶ 1} Ralph Turner appeals from a judgment revoking his community control and sentencing him to 12 months in prison. For the following reasons, the trial court's judgment will be affirmed.

         {¶ 2} Turner's counsel has filed a brief pursuant to Anders v. California, 386 U.S. 738, 87 S.Ct. 1396, 18 L.Ed.2d 493 (1967), stating that after examining the record and the law, he found no potentially meritorious issues for appeal. By entry, we informed Turner that his attorney had filed an Anders brief on his behalf and granted him 60 days from that date to file a pro se brief. No pro se brief was filed. The case is now before us for our independent review of the record. Penson v. Ohio, 488 U.S. 75, 109 S.Ct. 346, 102 L.Ed.2d 300 (1988).

         Procedural History

         {¶ 3} On July 21, 2016, Turner pled guilty to one count of possession of heroin, in violation of R.C. 2925.11(A), a felony of the fifth degree. On August 5, 2016, the trial court sentenced Turner to community control for up to five years. The conditions of community control included that Turner attend and complete a drug intervention program and pay court costs and certain other "financial obligations, " including $130 "to the assigned counsel budget."

         {¶ 4} On November 1, 2016, the probation department filed a notice of community control violation, which asserted that Turner had violated the requirement that he attend and complete a drug intervention program and further stated that Turner was not complying with any of the terms of his community control. At a hearing on November 10, 2016, Turner admitted to violating "one or more of the terms and conditions" of his community control. In a termination entry filed on November 15, 2016, the trial court found that Turner had violated the terms of his community control. The court sentenced him to prison for 12 months, notified him of the possibility of a three-year term of post- release control and of the consequences of violating post-release control sanctions, and ordered him to pay court costs. The court disapproved Turner's placement in a program of shock incarceration because of his "inability to be successful on community control"; pursuant to the presentence investigation, Turner had been "non-compliant" in two previous cases while on community control, by failing to complete treatment and by testing positive for drugs.

         Violation of Community Control

         {¶ 5} Crim.R. 32.3(A) provides: "The court shall not impose a prison term for violation of the conditions of a community control sanction or revoke probation except after a hearing at which the defendant shall be present and apprised of the grounds on which action is proposed." As this Court has previously stated:

A community control revocation hearing is not a criminal trial. State v. Hylton (1991), 75 Ohio App.3d 778, 781, 600 N.E.2d 821. Thus, the State does not have to demonstrate a violation with proof beyond a reasonable doubt. Id. at 782, 600 N.E.2d 821. The State need only present substantial evidence of a violation of the terms of a defendant's community control. Id.
"The right to continue on community control depends on compliance with community control conditions and is a matter resting within the sound discretion of the court." State v. Brown, Montgomery App. No. 22467, 2008-Ohio-4920, ¶ 9, quoting State v. Schlecht, Champaign App. No. 2003-CA-3, 2003-Ohio-5336, at ¶ 7. Thus, we review the trial court's decision revoking community control sanctions on an abuse-of-discretion standard.

Id. An abuse of discretion occurs when the trial court's decision is unreasonable, arbitrary, or unconscionable. Id. State v. Jenkins, 2d Dist. Montgomery No. 27173, 2017-Ohio-1073, ¶ 10, quoting State v. Cofer, 2d Dist. ...


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