The opinion of the court was delivered by: Magistrate Judge Abel
INITIAL SCREENING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
Plaintiff Henry N. Harper, an inmate at the
Chillicothe Correctional Institution, brings this prisoner civil
rights action under 42 U.S.C. §1983. This matter is before the
Magistrate Judge for a Report and Recommendation on initial screening
of the complaint pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §1915A(a) and (b)*fn1
and 42 U.S.C. §1997e(c) to identify cognizable claims, and to dismiss the complaint, or any portion of it,
which is frivolous, malicious, fails to state a claim upon which
relief may be granted, or seeks monetary relief from a defendant who
is immune from such relief. The Magistrate Judge finds that the
complaint fails to state a claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 because it
attacks a criminal conviction that has not been set aside and,
therefore, RECOMMENDS dismissal of the complaint without
The complaint alleges that the prosecutor, Daniel G. Padden, denied Harper a fair trial. It further alleges that there was insufficient evidence to support the jury's verdict of conviction. A civil rights action is not a substitute for habeas corpus. When a prisoner challenges the fact or duration of his confinement, his sole federal remedy is habeas corpus. Preiser v. Rodriguez, 411 U.S. 475, 500 (1973); Heck v. Humphrey, 512 U.S. 477, 787 (1994); Edwards v. Balisok, 520 U.S. 641 (1997). A convicted criminal defendant cannot bring a claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 if a judgment on the claim "would necessarily imply the invalidity" of his criminal conviction and that conviction has not been set aside. Heck, 512 U.S. at 487. Here a judgment for plaintiff would necessarily undermine his criminal convictions, and those convictions have not been set aside. Consequently, the complaint fails to state a claim for relief under 42 U.S.C. § 1983.
Accordingly, it is hereby RECOMMENDED that the complaint be DISMISSED without prejudice for failure to state a claim under 42 U.S.C. §1983.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the United States Marshal serve upon each defendant named in part III, B and C of the form civil rights complaint a summons, a copy of the complaint, and a copy of this Order. Defendants are not required to answer the complaint unless later ordered to do so by the Court.
The Clerk of Court is DIRECTED to mail a copy of the complaint to the Guernsey County Prosecutor Daniel G. Padden, 139 West 8th Street, P. O. Box 640, Cambridge, Ohio 43725.
If any party objects to this Report and Recommendation, that party may, within ten (10) days, file and serve on all parties a motion for reconsideration by the Court, specifically designating this Report and Recommendation, and the part thereof in question, as well as the basis for objection thereto. See 28 U.S.C. §636(b)(1)(B); Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b).
The parties are specifically advised that failure to object to the Report and Recommendation will result in a waiver of the right to de novo review by the District Judge and waiver of the right to appeal the judgment of the District Court. Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 150-152 (1985); United States v. Walters, 638 F.2d 947 (6th Cir. 1981). See also Small v. Secretary of Health and Human Services, 892 F.2d 15, 16 (2d Cir. 1989).
Mark R. Abel United States ...