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United States v. Poulsen

February 28, 2007

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, PLAINTIFF,
v.
LANCE K. POULSEN, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Judge Marbley

OPINION AND ORDER

This matter is before the Court on Defendant Donald H. Ayers' ("Defendant") Motion to Dismiss Notice of Lis Pendens filed by the Government on certain property in Ohio owned by Defendant. For the reasons set forth below, Defendant's Motion is GRANTED.

FACTS

On May 19, 2006, Defendant and six other individuals were charged in a 60-count indictment alleging violations of 18 U.S.C. § 371, 15 U.S.C. §§ 77q(a) and 77x (Securities Fraud); 18 U.S.C. § 1343 (Wire Fraud); 18 U.S.C. § 1341 (Mail Fraud); 18 U.S.C. § 1956(h) (Money Laundering Conspiracy); 18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(1)(A)(I) (Promotion Money Laundering) and 18 U.S.C. § 2. Count 60, a forfeiture claim, asserts the following:

Each defendant who is convicted of Count 1 (conspiracy) and Counts 2-37 shall forfeit to the United States, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 981(a)(1)(c) and 28 U.S.C. § 2461(c), any property constituting or derived from proceeds obtained directly or indirectly as a result of the said violation, including but not limited to a sum of money in the amount of approximately $1,900,000,000 representing the proceeds from the conspiracy to violate statutes of the United States . . . . If more than one defendant is convicted of an offense, the defendants so convicted are jointly and severally liable for the amount involved in such offense.

Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 982, each defendant who is convicted of one or more of the offenses set forth in Count 38 (money laundering conspiracy . . . ) or Counts 39-59 (money laundering) shall forfeit to the United States the following property:

(a) All right, title, and interest in any and all property involved in each offense. . . for which the defendant is convicted, and all property traceable to such property . . . .

(b) A sum of money equal to approximately $1,900,000,000 representing the total amount of money involved in each offense, or involved in the conspiracy to commit violations . . . as charged in Count 38, for which the defendant is convicted. If more than one defendant is convicted of an offense, the defendants so convicted are jointly and severally liable for the amount involved in such offense.

Pursuant to 21 U.S.C. § 853(p), as incorporated by 18 U.S.C. § 982(b) and 28 U.S.C. § 246l(c), each defendant shall forfeit substitute property, up to the value of the amount described in the foregoing paragraphs, if, by any act or omission of a defendant, the property described in such paragraphs, or any portion thereof, cannot be located upon the exercise of due diligence; has been transferred, sold to or deposited with a third party; has been placed beyond the jurisdiction of the court; has been substantially diminished in value; or has been commingled with other property which cannot be divided without difficulty.

Indictment at ¶ 135-37 (emphasis added).

Count 60 does not specifically list any property allegedly involved in each charged offense or any property traceable to such offenses.

On September 19, 2006 and September 22, 2006, the Government filed Notices of lis pendens in Delaware County and Franklin County, respectively, with regard to Defendant's property located at 8639 Gavington Court, Dublin, Ohio 43017 (the "Gavington Property"). Each lis pendens gives notice of the pending criminal action, and the possible resulting forfeiture. In addition, the Government indicates in each notice that "the name of the person whose estate is intended to be affected is Elise C. Ayers." Mrs. Ayers is Defendant's wife and not a party to the pending criminal action against her husband.

Defendant alleges that, as of Thursday, February 15, 2007, Mrs. Ayers has entered into an acceptable contract for the sale of the Gavington Property, but because of the lis pendens notice, ...


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