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Reynolds v. City of Columbus

February 5, 2007

ROY REYNOLDS, PLAINTIFF,
v.
CITY OF COLUMBUS, OHIO, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Norah McCann King United States Magistrate Judge

Magistrate Judge King

ORDER AND REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION

Plaintiff, who indicates in his application for leave to proceed in forma pauperis that he is currently incarcerated, asks to proceed without prepayment of fees or costs. 28 U.S.C. §1915(a).

Plaintiff's application for leave to proceed in forma pauperis is GRANTED. All judicial officers who render services in this action shall do so as if the costs had been prepaid.

However, after performing the initial screen of the complaint required by 28 U.S.C. §§1915(e), 1915A, the Court concludes that it is without jurisdiction to proceed in this matter and that the complaint fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. It is therefore RECOMMENDED that the complaint be dismissed.

The complaint asserts claims of false arrest, false imprisonment and malicious prosecution arising out of plaintiff's arrest on December 10, 2005, and subsequent prosecution. Plaintiff asserts claims under 42 U.S.C. §1983 and seeks monetary damages against the arresting officer and the City of Columbus Police Department.

The complaint does not allege that the prosecution against him -- whether on the original charge in the Franklin County Municipal Court, see Exhibit V, attached to Complaint, or on the indictment against plaintiff in the Franklin County Court of Common Pleas, see Exhibit W, attached to Complaint -- has been resolved in his favor.

A civil action that calls into question a state court conviction cannot proceed in federal court "unless the conviction or sentence has already been invalidated." Heck v. Humphrey, 512 U.S. 477, 487 (1994). See also Callihan v. Schneider, 178 F.3d 800, 804 (6th Cir. 1999) (applying Heck to civil rights action challenging a pending state criminal prosecution).

Plaintiff's claims of false arrest and malicious prosecution call into question the validity of an apparently on-going state criminal prosecution. Until plaintiff can demonstrate that the prosecution has ended in his favor, he cannot proceed on these claims in this Court.

It is therefore RECOMMENDED that this action be dismissed without prejudice to institution upon demonstration that the state court proceedings have terminated in plaintiff's favor.

If any party seeks review by the District Judge of this Report and Recommendation, that party may, within ten (10) days, file and serve on all parties objections to the Report and Recommendation, specifically designating this Report and Recommendation, and the part thereof in question, as well as the basis for objection thereto. 28 U.S.C. §636(b)(1); F.R. Civ. P. 72(b). Response to objections must be filed within ten (10) days after being served with a copy thereof. F.R. Civ. P. 72(b).

The parties are specifically advised that failure to object to the Report and Recommendation will result in a waiver of the right to de novo review by the District Judge and of the right to appeal the decision of the District Court adopting the Report and Recommendation. See Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140 (1985); Smith v. Detroit Federation of Teachers, Local 231 etc., 829 F.2d 1370 (6th Cir. 1987); United States v. Walters, 638 F.2d 947 (6th Cir. 1981).

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