The opinion of the court was delivered by: JONES
Upon refusal of the Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company to obey subpoenas duces tecum issued by the National Labor Relations Board, under authority of 29 U.S.C.A. § 161(a), in a hearing instituted by complaint to which the Goodyear Company had filed an answer, the Board filed an application to this court for an order requiring obedience to the subpoenas duces tecum. Section 161(2). An order to show cause was issued thereon and the Goodyear Company responded by filing an answer to the application, together with a motion to dismiss or quash proceedings in this court. The motion to dismiss, first, urged that the proceedings on the application are to be controlled by the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, 28 U.S.C.A. following section 723c, and that unless such rules are complied with no jurisdiction over the goodyear Company exists in this court. The second ground of the motion seems to be that the evidence subpoenaed by the Board is immaterial and irrelevant to the matters being inquired into in the hearing before the Board, it being further contended that the Board has the burden of showing not only relevancy and materiality of the evidence, but reasonable grounds for believing that relevant evidence to support the Board's charges against Goodyear Company will be found in the documentary evidence subpoenaed.
The Board has been given power to issue subpoenas, conduct hearings, and to make findings and orders, but was given no power to enforce or execute its orders except through the courts, and it was to obtain an executing arm for the enforcement of its subpoenas that I think the application to the court by the Board was provided. The filing of an application by the Board for an enforcing order constitutes neither a review of the Board's action nor an independent suit to test the propriety of the Board's subpoenas. In my opinion, the section of the statute under consideration provides a summary and special statutory jurisdiction conferred by Congress which is not to be enlarged merely because the procedure and limits of the power were not prescribed with more particularity.
It is my considered judgment that the only question presented by the Board's application is whether the subpoenas were regularly issued and duly served in accordance with the Board's statutory power and that there has been a refusal to obey. This view, it seems to me, is adequately supported by the fact that the Congress has provided, first, that court rules of evidence are inapplicable to or not controlling in hearings before the Board, Title 29, Sec. 160(b), 29 U.S.C.A. § 160(b); second, that the only review of the Board's orders is by petition to the Circuit Court of Appeals, Title 29, Sec. 160(e) and (f); third, that the District Court is given the limited jurisdiction to issue an order requiring appearance and production, Title 29, Sec. 161(2). Any other conclusion would require the adoption of a procedure for which the Congress has made no provision, and, as I think, it did not intend to make.
While the Board denies that the Rules of Civil Procedure are applicable to this proceeding, and denies that the requirements for, and extent of, the jurisdiction of this Court are as asserted by the respondent, yet it does not seem to take issue on the question of the power of this court, arising out of the jurisdiction conferred, to determine the relevancy and materiality of the evidential data sought to be produced by its subpoena. But upon careful consideration of the declared policy and purpose, and the language of the Act, I can find no satisfactory basis for concluding that the Congress intended more than I have stated above. The Board is given the power to subpoena any person to produce any evidence relating to the matter under investigation or in question; the Court is given jurisdiction, upon application by the Board, to issue an order requiring obedience to its subpoena calling for the production of evidence touching the matter under investigation or in question. I can neither construe into nor construct out of this provision a right in the respondent to a review and judicial determination of the Board's original statutory discretion and of the relevancy or materiality of the evidence sought by the subpoenas duces tecum; and this is fortified by Sec. 160(b), earlier adverted to, providing that, "In any such proceeding the rules of evidence prevailing in courts of law or equity shall not be controlling."
I do not think that jurisdiction to determine the relevancy of evidence sought by the Board is implicit in a grant of jurisdiction to issue an order requiring obedience to the Board's subpoena to produce evidence touching the matter under investigation or in question. "Relating to", or "touching", the matter, are not words which are synonymous with "relevant" and "material", nor do they have such legal significance as these latter words. Nor do I think that there is any analogy between the statute construed in the case of Federal Trade Commission v. American Tobacco Company, 264 U.S. 298, 44 S. Ct. 336, 68 L. Ed. 696, 32 A.L.R. 786, and the statute under consideration here. The language of the two is quite different and it must be conceded that the Congress steadily has moved toward denial and limitation of jurisdiction in the courts where labor relations are involved.
Motion to dismiss or quash overruled and an order of enforcement of the Board's order may be presented.
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